Порядок прилагательных в английском. Order of the adjectives.

3 октября 2018 г. 12:52
Order of the adjectives.

When more than one adjective comes before a noun, the adjectives are normally in a particular
order. Adjectives which describe opinions or attitudes (e.g. amazing) usually come first, before
more neutral, factual ones (e.g. red):

She was wearing an amazing red coat.
Not: … red amazing coat


If we don’t want to emphasize any one of the adjectives, the most usual sequence of adjectives
is:

order => relating to => examples

1  => opinion  => unusual, lovely, beautiful

2  => size  => big, small, tall

3  => physical quality  => thin, rough, untidy

4  => shape  => round, square, rectangular

5  => age  => young, old, youthful

6  => colour  => blue, red, pink

7  => origin  => Dutch, Japanese, Turkish

8  => material  => metal, wood, plastic

9  => type => general-purpose, four-sided, U-shaped

10  => purpose  => cleaning, hammering, cooking


It was made of a 1strange, 6green, 8metallic material.
It’s a 4long, 8narrow, 10plastic brush.
Panettone is a 4round, 7Italian, 9bread-like Christmas cake.


Here are some invented examples of longer adjective phrases. A noun phrase which included
all these types would be extremely rare.

She was a 1beautiful, 2tall, 3thin, 5young, 6black-haired, 7Scottish woman.

What an 1amazing, 2little, 5old, 7Chinese cup and saucer!

Adjectives joined by and

When more than one adjective occurs after a verb such as be (a linking verb), the second last
adjective is normally connected to the last adjective by and:

Home was always a warm, welcoming place. Now it is sad, dark and cold.

And is less common when more than one adjective comes before the noun (e.g. a warm,
welcoming place). However, we can use and when there are two or more adjectives of the same
type, or when the adjectives refer to different parts of the same thing:

It was a blue and green cotton shirt.