200 самых популярных неправильных глаголов английского языка

27 июня 2018 г. 17:55
Топ-200 неправильных глаголов
Для тех же, кто хочет приблизиться к уровню носителя – 200 самых популярных неправильных глаголов английского.

Скачать таблицу можно здесь:

 
1-я форма
(Present)
2-я форма
(Past)
3-я форма
(Past Participle)
Перевод
abide [əˈbʌɪd] abided [əˈbʌɪdɪd],
abode [əˈbəʊd]
abided
[əˈbʌɪdɪd]
обитать, пребывать
arise [əˈraɪz] arose [əˈroʊz] arisen [əˈrɪzn] возникать, появляться
awake [əˈwaɪk] awoke [əˈwoʊk] awoken [əˈwoʊkn] будить, просыпаться
be [bi:] was, were
[wɒz], [wɜ:]
been [bi:n] быть, находиться
bear [bɛə] bore [bɔ:] borne [bɔ:n] носить, выносить
beat [bi:t] beat [bi:t] beaten [bi:tn] бить
become [bɪˈkʌm] became [bɪˈkeɪm] become [bɪˈkʌm] становиться
begin [bɪˈgɪn] began [bɪˈgæn] begun [bɪˈgʌn] начинать(ся)
behold [bɪˈhəʊld] beheld [bɪˈhɛld] beheld [bɪˈhɛld] видеть, замечать
bend [bɛnd] bent [bɛnt] bent [bɛnt] гнуть(ся)
bereave [bɪˈriːv] bereft/bereaved 
[bɪˈrɛft/bɪˈriːvd]
bereft/bereaved 
[bɪˈrɛft/bɪˈriːvd]
лишать
beseech [bɪˈsiːtʃ] besought/beseeched
[bɪˈsɔːt/bɪˈsiːtʃt]
besought/beseeched 
[bɪˈsɔːt/bɪˈsiːtʃt]
умолять, упрашивать
beset [bɪˈsɛt] beset [bɪˈsɛt] beset [bɪˈsɛt] осаждать
bet [bɛt] bet [bɛt] bet [bɛt] держать пари
bid [bɪd] bid/bade [bɪd/beɪd] bidden [bɪdn] велеть, просить
bid [bɪd] bid [bɪd] bid [bɪd] предлагать цену (на аукционе)
bind [baɪnd] bound [baʊnd] bound [baʊnd] связывать
bite [bʌɪt] bit [bɪt] bitten [bɪtn] кусать
bleed [bli:d] bled [blɛd] bled [blɛd] кровоточить
blow [bloʊ] blew [blu:] blown [blu:] дуть
break [breɪk] broke [broʊk] broken [broʊkən] ломать
breed [bri:d] bred [brɛd] bred [brɛd] разводить (животных)
bring [brɪŋ] brought [brɔ:t] brought [brɔ:t] принести
build [bɪld] built [bɪlt] built [bɪlt] строить
burn [bɜ:n] burned/burnt
[bɜ:nd/bɜ:nt]
burned/burnt
[bɜ:nd/bɜ:nt]
жечь, гореть
burst [bɜ:st] burst [bɜ:st] burst [bɜ:st] взорваться
bust [bʌst] busted/bust
[bʌstɪd/bʌst]
busted/bust
[bʌstɪd/bʌst]
разорить(ся)
buy [baɪ] bought [bɔ:t] bought [bɔ:t] купить
cast [kɑ:st] cast [kɑ:st] cast [kɑ:st] бросать, кидать
catch [kætʃ] caught [kɔ:t] caught [kɔ:t] ловить
choose [tʃu:z] chose [tʃoʊz] chosen [tʃoʊzn] выбирать
cleave [kli:v] cleft [klɛft] cleft [klɛft] рассечь
cling [klɪŋ] clung [klʌŋ] clung [klʌŋ] цеплять(ся)
clothe [kloʊð] clothed/clad
[kloʊðd/klæd]
clothed/clad
[kloʊðd/klæd]
одеть(ся)
come [kʌm] came [keɪm] come [keɪm] приходить
cost [kɒst] cost [kɒst] cost [kɒst] стоить
creep [kri:p] crept [krɛpt] crept [krɛpt] ползать
cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt] резать
deal [di:l] dealt [dɛlt] dealt [dɛlt] торговать
dig [dɪg] dug [dʌg] dug [dʌg] копать
disprove [dɪsˈpruːv] disproved [dɪsˈpruːvd] disproved / disproven
[dɪsˈpruːvd] / [dɪsˈpru:vən]
опровергать
dive [daɪv] dove/dived
[doʊv/daɪvd]
dived [daɪvd] нырять, погружаться
do [du:] did [dɪd] done [dʌn] делать
draw [drɔ:] drew [dru:] drawn [drɔ:n] рисовать, тащить
dream [dri:m] dreamed/dreamt
[dri:md/drɛmt]
dreamed/dreamt
[dri:md/drɛmt]
видеть сны, мечтать
drink [drɪnk] drank [drænk] drunk [drʌnk] пить
drive [draɪv] drove [droʊv] driven [drɪvn] водить, гнать
dwell [dwel] dwelt/dwelled
[dwɛlt/dwɛld]
dwelt/dwelled
[dwɛlt/dwɛld]
обитать
eat [i:t] ate [ɛt] eaten [i:tn] есть (пищу)
fall [fɔ:l] fell [fɛl] fallen [fɔ:lən] падать
feed [fi:d] fed [fɛd] fed [fɛd] кормить(ся)
feel [fi:l] felt [fɛlt] felt [fɛlt] чувствовать
fight [faɪt] fought [fɔ:t] fought [fɔ:t] бороться
find [faɪnd] found [faʊnd] found [faʊnd] находить
fit [fɪt] fit/fitted [fɪt]/ [ˈfɪtɪd] fit/fitted [fɪt]/ [ˈfɪtɪd] подходить, подгонять (об одежде)
flee [fli:] fled [flɛd] fled [flɛd] бежать, спасаться
fling [flɪŋ] flung [flʌŋ] flung [flʌŋ] швырять
fly [flaɪ] flew [flu:] flown [floʊn] летать
forbid [fəˈbɪd] forbade [fəˈbeɪd] forbidden [fəbɪdn] запретить
forgo (forego) [fɔːˈɡəʊ] forewent [fɔːˈwɛnt] foregone [fɔːˈɡɒn] 1) предшествовать 2) воздерживаться (от чего-л.)
foresee [fɔːˈsiː] foresaw [fɔːˈsɔː] foreseen [fɔːˈsiːn] предвидеть
foretell [fɔːˈtɛl] foretold [fɔːˈtəʊld] foretold [fɔːˈtəʊld] предсказывать
forget [fəˈget] forgot [fəˈgɒt] forgotten [fəˈgɒtn] забыть
forgive [fəˈgɪv] forgave [fəˈgeɪv] forgiven [fəgɪvn] простить
forsake [fəˈseɪk] forsook [fəˈsʊk] forsaken [fəˈseɪkn] покидать
freeze [fri:z] froze [froʊz] frozen [froʊzn] замерзать
get [get] got [gɒt] gotten/got [gɒtn/gɒt] получать, становиться
gild [gɪld] gilt [gɪlt] gilt [gɪlt] позолотить
give [gɪv] gave [geɪv] given [gɪvn] давать
go [goʊ] went [wɛnt] gone [ɡɒn] идти, ехать
grind [graɪnd] ground [graʊnd] ground [graʊnd] точить, молоть
grow [groʊ] grew [gru:] grown [groʊn] расти, выращивать
hang [hæŋ] hung [hʌŋ] hung [hʌŋ] висеть, повесить
have [hæv] had [hæd] had [hæd] иметь
hear [hɪə] heard [hɜ:d] heard [hɜ:d] слышать
heave [hi:v] heaved [hi:vd],
hove [həʊv]
heaved [hi:vd] /
hove [həʊv]
поднимать
hew [hju:] hewed [hju:d] hewn [hju:n] /
hewed [hju:d]
рубить, тесать
hide [haɪd] hid [hɪd] hidden [hɪdn] прятать(ся)
hit [hɪt] hit [hɪt] hit [hɪt] ударить
hold [hoʊld] held [hɛld] held [hɛld] держать, проводить
hurt [hɜ:t] hurt [hɜ:t] hurt [hɜ:t] ранить, обижать
inlay [ɪnˈleɪ] inlaid [ɪnˈleɪd] inlaid [ɪnˈleɪd] вкладывать, инкрустировать
input [ˈɪnpʊt] input [ˈɪnpʊt] input [ˈɪnpʊt] вводить (данные)
interweave [ɪntəˈwiːv] interwove [ɪntəˈwəʊv] interwoven [ɪntəˈwəʊv(ə)n] сплетать
keep [ki:p] kept [kɛpt] kept [kɛpt] держать
kneel [ni:l] knelt [nɛlt] knelt [nɛlt] становиться на колени
knit [nɪt] knit [nɪt] knit [nɪt] вязать
know [noʊ] knew [nju:] known [noʊn] знать
lay [leɪ] laid [leɪd] laid [leɪd] класть
lead [li:d] led [lɛd] led [lɛd] вести
lean [li:n] leant [lɛnt] leant [lɛnt] опираться
leap [li:p] leapt [lɛpt] leapt [lɛpt] прыгать
learn [lɜ:n] learned/learnt
[lɜ:nd/lɜ:nt]
learnt [lɜ:nt] учить(ся)
leave [li:v] left [lɛft] left [lɛft] оставлять, уезжать
lend [lɛnd] lent [lɛnt] lent [lɛnt] давать взаймы
let [lɛt] let [lɛt] let [lɛt] позволять
lie [laɪ] lay [leɪ] lain [leɪn] лежать
lie [laɪ]
(правильный глагол)
lied [laɪd] lied [laɪd] лгать
light [laɪt] lit/lighted
[lɪt/laɪtɪd]
lit/lighted
[lɪt/laɪtɪd]
зажигать, освещать
lose [lu:z] lost [lɒst] lost [lɒst] терять
make [meɪk] made [meɪd] made [meɪd] делать, создавать
mean [mi:n] meant [mɛnt] meant [mɛnt] означать
meet [mi:t] met [mɛt] met [mɛt] встретить
mistake [mɪisˈteɪk] mistook [mɪˈstʊk] mistaken [mɪˈsteɪk(ə)n] ошибаться
mow [moʊ] mowed [moʊd] mown [moʊn] косить (траву)
overcome [əʊvəˈkʌm] overcame [əʊvəˈkeɪm] overcome [əʊvəˈkʌm] преодолевать
pay [peɪ] paid [peɪd] paid [peɪd] платить
plead [pli:d] pleaded/pled
[pli:dɪd/plɛd]
pleaded/pled
[pli:dɪd/plɛd]
заявлять
prove [pru:v] proved [pru:vd] proven/proved
[pru:vən/pru:vd]
доказывать
put [pʊt] put [pʊt] put [pʊt] класть
read [ri:d] read [rɛd] read [rɛd] читать
relay [riːˈleɪ] relaid [riːˈleɪd] relaid [riːˈleɪd] перекладывать (плитку и т.п.)
relay [rɪˈleɪ]
(правильный глагол)
relayed [rɪˈleɪd] relayed [rɪˈleɪd] передавать (сигнал и т.п.)
rid [rɪd] rid [rɪd] rid [rɪd] избавлять
ride [raɪd] rode [roʊd] ridden [rɪdn] ездить верхом
ring [rɪŋ] rang [ræŋ] rung [rʌŋ] звонить
rise [raɪz] rose [roʊz] risen [rɪzn] подниматься
run [rʌn] ran [ræn] run [rʌn] бежать
saw [sɔ:] sawed [sɔ:d] sawed/sawn [sɔ:d/sɔ:n] пилить
say [sɛɪ] said [sɛd] said [sɛd] сказать
see [si:] saw [sɔ:] seen [si:n] видеть
seek [si:k] sought [sɔ:t] sought [sɔ:t] искать
sell [sel] sold [soʊld] sold [soʊld] продавать
send [sɛnd] sent [sɛnt] sent [sɛnt] посылать
set [sɛt] set [sɛt] set [sɛt] ставить
sew [səʊ] sewed [səʊd] sewn [səʊn] шить
shake [ʃeɪk] shook [ʃʊk] shaken [ʃeɪkən] трясти
shave [ʃeɪv] shaved [ʃeɪvd] shaved/shaven
[ʃeɪvd/ʃeɪvən]
брить(ся)
shear [ʃɪə] sheared [ʃɪəd] sheared/shorn
[ʃɪəd/ʃɔ:n]
стричь
shed [ʃed] shed [ʃɛd] shed [ʃɛd] проливать (слёзы)
shine [ʃaɪn] shone [ʃoʊn] shone [ʃoʊn] светить, сиять
shit [ʃit] shit [ʃit] shit [ʃit] гадить
shoe [ʃu:] shod [ʃɒd] shod [ʃɒd] обувать, подковывать
shoot [ʃu:t] shot [ʃɒt] shot [ʃɒt] стрелять
show [ʃoʊ] showed [ʃoʊd] shown [ʃoʊn] показывать
shrink [ʃrɪŋk] shrank [ʃræŋk] shrunk [ʃrʌŋk] сжиматься
shut [ʃʌt] shut [ʃʌt] shut [ʃʌt] закрывать
sing [sɪŋ] sang [sæŋ] sung [sʌŋ] петь
sink [sɪŋk] sank [sæŋk] sunk [sʌŋk] погружаться, тонуть
sit [sɪt] sat [sæt] sat [sæt] сидеть
slay [sleɪ] slew [slu:] slain [sleɪn] убивать
slay [sleɪ]
(правильный глагол)
slayed [sleɪd] slayed [sleɪd] восхищать, поражать
sleep [sli:p] slept [slɛpt] slept [slɛpt] спать
slide [slaɪd] slid [slɪd] slid [slɪd] скользить
sling [slɪŋ] slung [slʌŋ] slung [slʌŋ] 1) швырять 2) подвешивать
slink [slɪŋk] slinked/slunk
[slɪŋkt/slʌŋk]
slinked/slunk
[slɪŋkt/slʌŋk]
красться
slit [slɪt] slit [slɪt] slit [slɪt] разрезать (полосами), расщеплять
smell [smel] smelt [smɛlt] smelt [smɛlt] пахнуть, нюхать
smite [smʌɪt] smote [sməʊt] smitten [ˈsmɪtn] ударять, разбивать
sow [soʊ] sowed [soʊd] sown [soʊn] сеять
speak [spi:k] spoke [spoʊk] spoken [spoʊkən] разговаривать
speed [spi:d] sped [spɛd] sped [spɛd] мчаться
spell [spel] spelt [spɛlt] spelt [spɛlt] писать, читать по буквам
spend [spend] spent [spɛnt] spent [spɛnt] тратить, проводить (время)
spill [spɪl] spilt [spɪlt] spilt [spɪlt] расплескать
spin [spɪn] spun [spʌn] spun [spʌn] прясть, вертеть
spit [spɪt] spit/spat
[spɪt/spæt]
spit/spat
[spɪt/spæt]
плевать
split [splɪt] split [splɪt] split [splɪt] расщепить(ся)
spoil [spoɪl] spoiled/spoilt
[spoɪld/spoɪlt]
spoiled/spoilt
[spoɪld/spoɪlt]
портить
spread [spred] spread [sprɛd] spread [sprɛd] распространить(ся)
spring [sprɪŋ] sprang [spræŋ] sprung [sprʌŋ] возникать, выпрыгивать
stand [stænd] stood [stʊd] stood [stʊd] стоять
steal [sti:l] stole [stoʊl] stolen [stoʊlən] красть
stick [stɪk] stuck [stʌk] stuck [stʌk] 1) втыкать 2) липнуть
sting [stɪŋ] stung [stʌŋ] stung [stʌŋ] жалить
stink [stɪŋk] stank [stræŋk] stunk [stʌŋk] вонять
strew [struː] strewed [struːd] strewn [struːn] усеивать
stride [straɪd] strode [stroʊd] stridden [strɪdn] шагать
strike [straɪk] struck [strʌk] struck/stricken
[strʌk/strɪkən]
ударить
string [strɪŋ] strung [srtʌŋ] strung [strʌŋ] нанизать, натянуть
strive [straɪv] strove/strived
[stroʊv/straɪvd]
striven/strived
[strɪvən/straɪvd]
стремиться
swear [swɛə] swore [swɔ:] sworn [swɔ:n] клясться
sweat [swet] sweat/sweated
[swɛt/[swɛtɪd]
sweat/sweated
[swɛt/'swɛtɪd]
потеть
sweep [swi:p] swept [swɛpt] swept [swɛpt] мести
swell [swel] swelled [swɛld] swollen/swelled
[swoʊlən/swɛld]
распухнуть, вздуться
swim [swɪm] swam [swæm] swum [swʌm] плыть
swing [swɪŋ] swung [swʌŋ] swung [swʌŋ] раскачивать(ся)
take [teɪk] took [tʊk] taken ['teɪkən] брать
teach [ti:tʃ] taught [tɔ:t] taught [tɔ:t] обучать
tear [tɛə] tore [tɔ:] torn [tɔ:n] рвать
tell [tel] told [toʊld] told [toʊld] говорить, рассказывать
think [θɪŋk] thought [θɔ:t] thought [θɔ:t] думать
throw [θroʊ] threw [θru:] thrown [θroʊn] бросать
thrust [θrʌst] thrust [θrʌst] thrust [θrʌst] толкать
tread [tred] trod [trɒd] trodden [trɒdn] ступать
undergo
[ʌndəˈɡəʊ]
underwent
[ʌndə'wɛnt]
undergone
[ʌndə'ɡɒn]
проходить, подвергаться
understand
[ʌndəˈstænd]
understood
[ʌndəˈstʊd]
understood
[ʌndəˈstʊd]
понимать
undertake
[ʌndəˈteɪk]
undertook
ʌndəˈtʊk]
undertaken
[ʌndəˈteɪk(ə)n]
предпринимать
undo ['ʌn'du:] undid ['ʌn'dɪd] undone ['ʌn'dʌn] уничтожать сделанное
upset [ʌp'set] upset [ʌp'set] upset [ʌp'set] опрокинуть
wake [weɪk] woke/waked
[woʊk/weɪkt]
woken/waked
[woʊkən/weɪkt]
просыпаться
wear [wɛə] wore [wɔ:] worn [wɔ:n] носить
weave [wi:v] wove/weaved
[woʊv/wi:vd]
woven/weaved
[woʊvən/wi:vd]
ткать
wed [wed] wed/wedded
[wɛd/'wɛdɪd]
wed/wedded
[wɛd/'wɛdɪd]
вступать в брак
weep [wi:p] wept [wɛpt] wept [wɛpt] плакать
wet [wɛt] wet [wɛt] wet [wɛt] мочить
win [wɪn] won [wʌn] won [wʌn] выигрывать, побеждать
wind [waɪnd] wound [waʊnd] wound [waʊnd] виться(ся)
withdraw
[wɪðˈdrɔː]
withdrew
[wɪð'druː]
withdrawn
[wɪð'drɔːn]
забирать, отзывать, отказываться
withhold
[wɪðˈhəʊld]
withheld
[wɪðˈhɛld]
withheld
[wɪðˈhɛld]
воздерживаться
withstand
[wɪðˈstand]
withstood
[wɪðˈstʊd]
withstood
[wɪðˈstʊd]
противостоять
wring [rɪŋ] wrung [rʌŋ] wrung [rʌŋ] выкручивать
write [raɪt] wrote [roʊt] written [rɪtn] писать